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f:1118 -    Spending the night awake in useless things
Country : Hyderabad, India,
Name : Hafiz Abdus Salaam
Question:     Nowadays, it has become almost customary to spend the night awake.  Some people stay awake in parties, functions and waste time and some others with their friends.  What does the Shariah say about this?
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Answer:     Time is a very valuable and priceless bounty of Almighty Allah.  If it passes away once, regaining it is well nigh impossible.  By staying awake in the night, one loses time although Islam lays great stress on valuing and saving time.  There is a Hadith in Mishkaat Ul Masabeeh, Pg. No. 443:

Translation: It is narrated on the authority of Hadhrat ‘Umar bin Maimoon Audi (May Allah be well pleased with him) that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) advised one person thus: You consider 5 things as a respite before 5 (other) things:

1. Youth before old age.

2. Health before sickness.

3. Affluence before needfulness.

4. Leisure before engagements.

5. Life before death.

Staying awake in the night is harmful even from the medical point of view.  That’s why, unnecessary talk after Salaat Ul ‘Isha has been prohibited.  There is a Hadith in Sahih Bukhari in this regard:

Translation: It is narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Abu (May Allah be well pleased with him) that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) has disliked sleeping before Salaat Ul ‘Isha and (unnecessary) talking after it.  (Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 1, Pg. No. 80, Hadith No. 568)

It is Undesirable (Makruh) to spend time talking after Salaat Ul ‘Isha.  However, staying awake in remembrance and worship of Allah, in hosting a guest, in acquiring knowledge or talking about necessary and religious matters isn’t Undesirable.

Generally declaring talking after Salaat Ul ‘Isha is because sometimes it is useless talk.  Sometimes, it might even lead to missing Salaat Ul Fajr or Tahajjud for those who offer it.  However, it is not Undesirable for necessary things.  There is no undesirability in staying awake for some time in parties, functions, etc.  Attending functions when invited is a Commendable (Mustahab) act and is well established by the Sunnah.  As mentioned in Durre Mukhtaar, Vol. 1, Pg. No. 341.

And Allah The Might and The Majestic knows best

Mufti Syed Ziauddin Naqshbandi

[Professor, Islamic Law, Jamia Nizamia,
Founder/Director, Abul Hasanaat Islamic Research Center]
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