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f:233 -    Qurbani for the Holy Prophet
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Name : submittername
Question:     In Bakrid, people offer Qurbani on their own behalf and on the behalf of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam).  Is it correct or not?  Some people say that it is not correct.  One of my friends quoted a Hadith that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) ordered Hadhrat Ali (May Allah be well pleased with him) to offer Qurbani on His behalf.  Somebody else said that this order is for Hadhrat Ali (May Allah be well pleased with him) only and no one else in the Ummah can do that and nobody else should do it.  Can I perform Qurbani on the behalf of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) or not?
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Answer:     It was the practice of Hadhrat Ali (May Allah be well pleased with him) that apart from his own Wajib Qurbani, he would offer another Qurbani on the behalf of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) as well, as there is a Hadith in Jame' Tirmidhi:

Hadhrat Hanash (May Allah be well pleased with him) narrates on the authority of Hadhrat Ali (May Allah be well pleased with him) that he would sacrifice 2 goats, one on the behalf of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) and the other on his own behalf.  When Hadhrat Ali (May Allah be well pleased with him) was asked about this, he said: I have been ordered by the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) to do, so I will never leave this.  

If this order is only for Hadhrat Ali (May Allah be well pleased with him) then there are many such Hadith in which different Sahabah have said that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) ordered us to do this.  Then will all these Hadith be specially for these Sahabah only.  For e.g. in Sunan Abu Dawood, there is a Hadith:  

Translation of Hadith:  Hadhrat Ibn Amir (May Allah be well pleased with him) said: The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) ordered me to recite the Surah Falaq and Surah Nas after every Salaat.  (Sunan Abu Dawood, Hadith No: 1525).  Then is it that the order to recite these Surah is only for Ibn Aamir (May Allah be well pleased with him)?  No it is for every person of the Ummah.

There is another Hadith in Sunan Nasai:

Translation of Hadith:  It has been narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Umme Shareek (May Allah be well pleased with her) that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) ordered me to kill chameleons. (Sunan Nasai, Hadith No: 2885).  Is this command only for her? No it is a general order.

There is a Hadith in Jame' Tirmidhi:

Translation of Hadith:  It has been narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Zaid Bin Thabit (May Allah be well pleased with him), he said: The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) ordered me to learn Hebrew. (Jame' Tirmidhi, Hadith No: 2933).  Now, does it mean that the order for learning different languages is only for Hadhrat Zaid?  No! It is or everybody.

In the same way, the command for Hadhrat Ali (May Allah be well pleased with him) is also general and not confined to Hadhrat Ali (May Allah be well pleased with him) alone.  Through the above mentioned Hadith, because of the command of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam), these acts are permitted for the whole Ummah.  If this was only for Hadhrat Ali (May Allah be well pleased with him), then Hadhrat Ali (May Allah be well pleased with him) would have said that this order is only for me, but there is nothing like that in any of the canons of Hadith.

There is a Hadith in Sahih Bukhari, Kitabul Adhahi:

Translation of Hadith:  It has been narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Anas (May Allah be well pleased with him) : The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) would perform Qurbani of 2 goats and in His foot steps, I too perform the Qurbani of 2 goats.

Thus, if you perform your own Wajib Qurbani and perform another Qurbani on behalf of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam), it is a matter of great honor and privilege for you.  

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