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f:561 -    Using sperm of somebody other than husband for test tube baby
Country : UAE,
Name : Withheld
Question:     I have diabetes.  It has been 4 years since our marriage, but until now we have no children.  Doctor has told me that there is a problem in my sperm potency.  The doctor gave me the suggestion that somebody else's sperm should be put in my wife's uterus.  Is this allowed in Islam?

Answer:     All those situations in the test-tube method are impermissible in which the sperm of a man are entered into someone's uterus, other than wife, or the sperm and ova of the husband and wife are developed in someone else's womb.  

There is a Hadith in Sunan Abu Dawood:

Translation of Hadith: It is not permissible for anyone who believes in Allah Ta'ala and the Qiyamah that he should water someone else's field i.e. put into someone else apart from his own wife.  (Sunan Abu Dawood, Kitab Un Nikah, Hadith No. 2160; Musnad Ahmed, Hadith No. 17453)

In the described situation, unrelated (i.e. not of a husband and wife) sperm and ova are being used, which is impermissible in light of the Hadith.  The way sexual relations between unrelated, (i.e. not husband and wife) man and woman and impregnating somebody else's wife constitutes adultery, in the same way mixing the sperm and ova of man and woman, who are not husband and wife, has the same ruling with respect to its result.  Though, on mixing of sperm and ova in this, the Shariah punishment will not be given, but it has the same ill-effects as adultery.  It shreds the fabric of modesty and destroys the system of parentage and ancestry.

And Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala) knows best.

Mufti Syed Ziauddin Naqshbandi Qadri,

[Professor, Islamic Law, Jamia Nizamia,
Founder-Director Abul Hasanaat Islamic Research Center]
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