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f:684 -    Shariah ruling about rearing dogs
Country : Dammam,
Name : Muhammad Akram Ali
Question:     Can we keep dogs?  Ashab-e-Kahf also kept dogs.
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Answer:     The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) has given warning on rearing dogs, that every day from the record of deeds (Naame A’amaal) good deeds will be decreased, as given in this Hadith of Jame' Tirmidhi:

Translation: It is narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (May Allah be well pleased with them) that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: Whoever keeps a dog other than a guard dog (for guarding livestock or fields, etc.) or hunting dog, daily good deeds worth of 1 “Qeerat” (a unit of measure) will be lessened from the record of deeds.  (Jame' Tirmidhi, Hadith No. 1409)

In light of this, rearing a dog only for as a hobby is not permissible.  However, for protection of life, livestock and agriculture, rearing a dog is permissible.  As given in Radd Ul Muhtaar, Vol. 4, Pg. No. 239.

The dog with the People of the cave (Ashab-e-Kahf) was also a guard dog, as given in the Holy Quran.


And Allah the Most Merciful, the Most Beneficent knows best.

Mufti Syed Ziauddin Naqshbandi Qadri

[Professor, Islamic Law, Jamia Nizamia,
Founder-Director, Abul Hasanaat Islamic Research Center]
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