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f:770 -    Desiring death because of difficulties
Country : London,
Name : Tasleem Qadri
Question:     Each day, many incidents are happening where people commit suicide when faced with difficulties in life.  Committing suicide is too great a sin, but what should people do when they are face difficulties.  If they cannot solve their problems, then can they desire their own death?
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Answer:     Desiring death out of desperation in the face of difficulties and praying for one's death is Makruh Tahrimi (strictly undesirable).  The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) has prohibited from desiring death.  There is a Hadith in Sahih Bukhari:

Translation:  It has been narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Anas bin Malik (May Allah be well pleased with him) that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: No one among you should desire death because of any difficulty  If that person does desire death, then he should recite the following prayer:

Transliteration: Allahumma Ahyinee Ma Kaanatil Hayatu Khairan Lee, wa tawaffanee Idha Kaanatil Wafatu Khairan Lee.(Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No: 5671)

If sins become too great, turmoils start overwhelming and there is danger of falling into difficulties, then to save one's religion and to be relieved from turmoils, death can be desired.  As there is a Hadith in Jame' Tirmidhi:

Translation:  It has been narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (May Allah be well pleased with him) :………..(in such a time) the inside of the earth will be better for you than its outside.  (Jame' Tirmidhi, Hadith No: 2435)

All in all, one should not desire death because of any worldly fear.

As given in Radd Ul Muhtaar, Vol. 5, Pg No. 297 and Sahih Muslim, Hadith No: 6990)

And Allah knows best.

Mufti Syed Ziauddin Naqshbandi Qadri

[Professor, Islamic Law, Jamia Nizamia,
Founder-Director Abul Hasanaat Islamic Research Center]
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