f:904 - Can a woman go on Haj without Mahram
| Country : Secunderabad, India, |
Name : Afsar
|Question: We have a neighbour. She has the intention of performing Haj. She does not have a Mahram (Close Male relative). In the light of the Hanafi School of jurisprudence, can she go for Haj without a Mahram or is it strictly compulsory to have a Mahram?|
|Answer: It does not matter whether a woman is young or old, for the Haj to be compulsory, having a Mahram is a prerequisite. If there is no Mahram then according to the Shariah, Haj is not compulsory on such a lady. Any woman cannot go on a Haj, along with a non-Mahram. Also, without a Mahram, she cannot join a group of women also. A Mahram is either the husband or any of those relatives with whom Nikah (Marriage) is permanently prohibited, either because of a close relationship or because of a relationship of suckling (raza’aat). A Mahram is one who is sane, major (baligh), virtuous and trustworthy. He should not be wicked, sinful and untrustworthy as given in Fatawa Alamgiri. Vol I|
Translation, “It is mentioned in the prerequisites of Haj that a Mahram should be present, whether the woman is young or old, when the journey to Makkah is of 3 days or greater. Mahram is the husband or such a male relative with whom Nikah is permanently prohibited. This prohibition can be because of marriage, a relationship of suckling. It is also necessary that the Mahram should be of a good character, should be sane and a major. Irrespective of whether the Mahram is a slave, a free man, all the charges are the responsibility of the woman.
And Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) knows best.
Mufti Hafidh Syed Ziauddin Naqshbandi Qadri
[Professor, Islamic Law, Jamia Nizamia,
Founder/Director, Abul Hasanaat Islamic Research Center]