Fadhaail e Shab Baraat
Author: MUFTI HAFIDH SYED ZIAUDDIN NAQSHBANDI,
Professor of Islamic Law JAMIA NIZAMIA, Founder of Abul Hasanaat Islamic Research Centre
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Category List

>> Introduction
>> Sha’abaan is the month of Durud
>> Sha’abaan is My month
>> Sha’abaan – month of forgiveness of sins
>> Superiority of Sha’abaan over other months
>> Sha’abaan and the preparations of the Sahabah
>> Fasting in the month of Sha’abaan
>> The excellence of Shab Baraat – in the light of the Hadith and the Traditions
>> "Lailatul Mubarakah" in the light of the Tafseer
>> One final explanation
>> Interpretation by Shah Abdul Aziz (May Allah shower His Mercy on him)
>> A beautiful explanation by Hadhrat Muhaddith-e-Deccan (May Allah shower His Mercy on him)
>> Radiance on Ka’aba
>> Shab Bara'at – Night of forgiveness
>> Those sins which stop forgiveness even in Shab Bara'at Mushrik and adulterous woman
>> Those who hold the wrong 'Aqida and those who disobey their parents
>> Those who break relationships with relatives and adulterous women will not be forgiven
>> In Shab Bara'at 300 doors of mercy are opened wide
>> Decision of life and death and Rizq in Shab Bara'at
>> Shab Bara'at – The Prophet's worship and prayer
>> Staying awake in Shab Bara'at and spending the night in prayer
>> The prayer of Shab Bara'at is not rejected
>> The worship of Shab Bara'at – Assurance of the life of the heart
>> Special Nafl and prayers of Shab Bara'at
>> Reward of 20 accepted Hajj and 20 years of fasting
>> Salaat Ut Tasbeeh in Shab Bara'at
>> Shab Baraat and visiting graves
>> Visiting graves makes a person religious
>> Visiting graves and women
>> Prohibition of fireworks in Shab Bara'at
>> Stay away from Unislamic things, especially in Shab Bara'at

 
 
Salaat Ut Tasbeeh in Shab Bara'at

Salaat Ut Tasbeeh in Shab Bara'at

The Hadith describe much excellence of Salaat Ut Tasbeeh.  There is a Hadith in Sunan Ibn Majah:

Translation: It has been narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Abdullah bin Abbas (May Allah SWT be well pleased with them) that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) told Hadhrat Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib (May Allah SWT be well pleased with them) that: O Abbas! O My uncle! Should I not grant you? Should I not honor you? Should I not treat you with Ihsaan (kindness)? Should I not tell you those 10 things, which when you perform, Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala) will forgive all your sins, whether they are of the past or of the future, the new or the old, whether they were committed unwittingly or deliberately, whether they are small or big, whether they were done openly or in secret.  Offer 4 raka'at, then He (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) described the manner of offering Salaat Ut Tasbeeh. 

(Sunan Ibn Majah, Pg. No. 99)

In Jame' Tirmidhi, details about offering Shab Bara'at are mentioned on the authority of Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mubarak. 

Translation of Hadith:  Make the Niyyah (intention) of offering 4 raka'at Salaat Ut Tasbeeh.  After the first Takbeer (Takbir Tahrima) recite 15 times:

Subhanallah walhamdulillah wa la ilaha illallahu akbar. 

Then recite the Ta'awuz and Tasmiya, then Surah Fatiha and another Surah after it.  Then before going into Ruku recite the abovementioned Tasbeeh 10 times.  Then perform Ruku and after the Tasbeeh of Ruku recite the given Tasbeeh 10 times, then get up from the Ruku and after saying "Sami'allahu........." recite the Tasbeeh 10 times.  Then perform the first Sajdah.  After the Tasbeeh of the Sajdah, recite 10 times.  Then in the sitting between the Sajdah, recite the Tasbeeh 10 times, then again in the second Sajdah.  When you stand up for the next raka'at, before Surah Fatiha, recite the Tasbeeh 15 times and continue as said.  In each raka'at, the Tasbeeh will be recited 75 times, in 4 raka'at 300 times.  End the Salaat after 4 raka'at. 

The Hadith about excellence of this night have been mentioned by Imam Suyuti in Tafseer Durre Manthur, Vol. 5, Pg. No. 740/741.  Only some Hadith are being mentioned here:

1.  Translation of Hadith: It has been narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Rashid bin Sa'ad (May Allah SWT be well pleased with him) that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: In the 15th night of Sha'aban, Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala) orders the angel of death to draw the soul of every creation about whom Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala) decides to do so.  (Tafseer Durre Manthur, Surah Dukhan)

2.  Translation of Hadith: The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: The deaths between one Sha'aban and other are finalized, to the point that a man marries, has children when his name has already been removed and written among the dead (of that year).  (Shu'abul Iman, Ibn Jarir, Tafseer Durre Manthur, Surah Dukhan)

3.  Translation of Hadith:  Hadhrat Ata Bin Yasaar says that in the 15th night of Sha'aban, the angels are given a roll and are told: Draw the souls of all those whose names are in this roll.  The person stays comfortably, marries, constructs buildings when his name has already been written among the dead.  (Tafseer Durre Manthur, Surah Dukhan)

4.  Whoever stays prays on the nights of the 2 Eid and the 15th night of Sha'aban, that person's heart will not die when the hearts of others will die.  (Tafseer Durre Manthur, Surah Dukhan). 

5.  Verily, Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala) casts a look of mercy at the Ka'aba and that is on the 15th night of Sha'aban.  At that time, the hearts of the Momineen are desirous of the Ka'aba. 

6.  Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala) gives much blessings and good in 4 nights.  The nights of Eid Ul Azha, Eid Ul Fitr, the 15th of Sha'aban, in this night the deaths and the Rizq are decided and the names of the Hajis are decided and the night of the Arafah until the Adhaan. 

7.  It has been narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Aisha Siddiqa (May Allah SWT be well pleased with her) that she heard from the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) that Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala) opens the doors of blessings and good on 4 nights until the Adhaan of Fajr, the nights of Eid Ul Azha, Eid Ul Fitr, the 15th night of Sha'aban and the night of the Arafah. 

8.  It has been narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Aisha Siddiqua (May Allah SWT be well pleased with him) that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) would fast for the whole of Sha'aban to the point that He would join those fasts with Ramadhan and would not fast for the whole month in any other month except Sha'aban.  I said: O Prophet of Allah! You like Sha'aban over all other months that You fast in this month.  He (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: He said: I desire that My time of meeting Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala) should be written when I am in the worship of My Lord and in the virtuous acts in Sha'aban. 

9.  It has been narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Aisha Siddiqua (May Allah SWT be well pleased with her) that one night I did not find the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam).  He (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) was in Baqe'e with His head lifted towards the skies...........He (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: Verily! Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala) graces the worldly skies with His presence and forgives as many as the hairs of the goats of the clan of Kalb. 

10.  The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: Verily!  Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala) graces the skies of this world with His presence on the 15th night of Sha'aban.  Except a Mushrik and the person who has wrong beliefs in his heart, He forgives everybody.

11.  The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said:  On the 15th night of Sha'aban, Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala) casts His look of mercy on the Momineen and forgives the Momineen and leaves those who harbor rancor and enmity because of their rancor (Urdu-Keena) until they leave that......

12.  The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said:  Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala) casts a look of mercy and apart from Mushrik  and those who hold wrong beliefs forgives all of His creation.

 
 
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