Fadhaail e Shab Baraat
Author: MUFTI HAFIDH SYED ZIAUDDIN NAQSHBANDI,
Professor of Islamic Law JAMIA NIZAMIA, Founder of Abul Hasanaat Islamic Research Centre
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Category List

>> Introduction
>> Sha’abaan is the month of Durud
>> Sha’abaan is My month
>> Sha’abaan – month of forgiveness of sins
>> Superiority of Sha’abaan over other months
>> Sha’abaan and the preparations of the Sahabah
>> Fasting in the month of Sha’abaan
>> The excellence of Shab Baraat – in the light of the Hadith and the Traditions
>> "Lailatul Mubarakah" in the light of the Tafseer
>> One final explanation
>> Interpretation by Shah Abdul Aziz (May Allah shower His Mercy on him)
>> A beautiful explanation by Hadhrat Muhaddith-e-Deccan (May Allah shower His Mercy on him)
>> Radiance on Ka’aba
>> Shab Bara'at – Night of forgiveness
>> Those sins which stop forgiveness even in Shab Bara'at Mushrik and adulterous woman
>> Those who hold the wrong 'Aqida and those who disobey their parents
>> Those who break relationships with relatives and adulterous women will not be forgiven
>> In Shab Bara'at 300 doors of mercy are opened wide
>> Decision of life and death and Rizq in Shab Bara'at
>> Shab Bara'at – The Prophet's worship and prayer
>> Staying awake in Shab Bara'at and spending the night in prayer
>> The prayer of Shab Bara'at is not rejected
>> The worship of Shab Bara'at – Assurance of the life of the heart
>> Special Nafl and prayers of Shab Bara'at
>> Reward of 20 accepted Hajj and 20 years of fasting
>> Salaat Ut Tasbeeh in Shab Bara'at
>> Shab Baraat and visiting graves
>> Visiting graves makes a person religious
>> Visiting graves and women
>> Prohibition of fireworks in Shab Bara'at
>> Stay away from Unislamic things, especially in Shab Bara'at

 
 
Shab Baraat and visiting graves

Shab Baraat and visiting graves

Visiting graves is Mustahab.  This command is not restricted to any time or place.  In the Hadith, apart from the general command to visit graves, there is a evidence of a special command to visit graves in Shab Baraat.  In Jame’ Tirmidhi, Sunan Ibn Majah, Musnad Ahmed, At Targheeb Wat Tarheeb, Al Ghunya Li Talibi tariqil haqqi, there is a Hadith:

Translation:  Ummul Momineen Hadhrat Aisha Siddiqa (May Allah be well pleased with her) said that one night I did not find the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) in my house.  I saw that He was sitting in Baqe’e.  The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: Were you afraid that Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) and His Prophet would commit excess against you?  I said: O Prophet of Allah! I thought that You had gone to some other wife.  The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) graces the skies of this world with His presence in Shab Baraat and forgives more number of people than the hairs of the goats of clan of Kalb. (Jame’ Tirmidhi , Vol. 1, Pg No: 156, Hadith No: 270, Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol. 1, Pg No: 99, Hadith No: 1379, Musnad Ahmad, Hadith No: 24825, Musnad Ul Ansaar, Hadith No: 2482, Musannaf Ibn Shaiba, Vol.  7, Pg No: 139, Shu’abul Iman, Hadith No: 3666, Kanz Ul Ummall, Hadith No: 35184, Tafseer Durre Manthur, Surah Dukhan, At Targheeb Wat Tarheeb, Vol. 2, Pg No: 119, Al Ghunya Li Talibi tariqil haqqi Vol.  1, Pg No: 191)

The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) would decide an order to stay with His virtuous wives, the Ummahatul Momineen.  When the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) was staying with Syeda Aisha Siddiqa (May Allah be well pleased with her), after some time in the night, He (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) left for Baqe’e.  When Ummul Momineen did not find the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam), at first she thought that He (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) had gone to some other Ummul Momineen.  When she reflected about this for a moment, the fragrance of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) guided her to Baqe’e.  The streets and the very air of Madina would remain fragrant with the fragrance of the blessed body of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) and betray to His lovers that the mount of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) had passed from here.  The lovers of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) would cover the whole journey in a trance and have the honor of seeing the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam).  She saw that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) was in Sajdah praying, as written by Hadhrat Mulla Ali Qari in Mirqat Sharh Mishkaat:

Translation: I saw that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) was in Sajdah in baqe’e, He (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) performed such a long Sajdah that I was worried whether He (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) had not returned to the presence of Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala).  When the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) ended His Salaat, then He turned His attention to me.

That the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) visited Baqe’e in this blessed night shows that visiting graves in this night is Masnoon and Mustahab (Established by the Sunnah and commendable).

Some people say that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) visited the graves once in Shab Baraat, so visiting once in a lifetime is no problem.  Visiting graves each year is a bida’at.  This thought of theirs is without any evidence, which is not acceptable to the Shariah.  In the whole corpus of Hadith, there in no mention that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) did not visit graves each year.  On the other hand, it is clearly mentioned that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) would visit graves in other days as well.  This very thought that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) visited graves only once is far, far away from truth because it is mentioned in the Hadith that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) would visit graves whenever it was the turn of Hadhrat Aisha Siddiqa razi, as given in a Hadith of Sahih Muslim:

Translation:  It has been narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Aisha Siddiqa (May Allah be well pleased with her), she says that whenever it was her turn with the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam), then in the last portion of the night, He (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) would visit Baqe’e and say: Peace be upon you O faithful!  What was promised to you has reached you.  The bounties of the afterlife are kept ready for you and verily! You will meet us.  O Allah! Forgive the Ahle Baqe’e. (Sahih Muslim, Vol.  1, Pg No: 313, Kitab Ul Janaaiz, Hadith No: 974, Sunan Nasai, Hadith No: 2012, Musnad Ahmed, Hadith No: 24297, Sahih Ibn Habban, Vol.  7, Pg No: 444,. Hadith No: 3172, Zujajatul Masabeeh, Vol.  1, Pg No: 487)

Even now if someone insists that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) visited graves only once, even then visiting is established.  If anyone from the Ummah of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) follows this once or every year even then that person will be loved and liked by Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala).  It is not a secret for those who have Islamic knowledge that regularly performing those deeds which the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) performed only once or a few times does not make that deed/act a Bida’ah.  Instead, the one performing is worthy of reward as per his/her regularity.

There is a Hadith in Sahih Bukhari:

Translation: Verily!  The best loved deed by Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) is the one which is performed regularly even though it is less.

(Sahih Bukhari, Kitab Ur Riqaq, Hadith No: 6464; Sahih Muslim, Hadith No: 783; Sunan Nasai, Hadith No: 758)

It is mentioned in the Hadith in Sahih Muslim:

Translation: Whenever the Ahle Bait of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) performed any deed, they would be regular in it.

 
 
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