Fadhaail e Shab Baraat
Author: MUFTI HAFIDH SYED ZIAUDDIN NAQSHBANDI,
Professor of Islamic Law JAMIA NIZAMIA, Founder of Abul Hasanaat Islamic Research Centre
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Category List

>> Introduction
>> Sha’abaan is the month of Durud
>> Sha’abaan is My month
>> Sha’abaan – month of forgiveness of sins
>> Superiority of Sha’abaan over other months
>> Sha’abaan and the preparations of the Sahabah
>> Fasting in the month of Sha’abaan
>> The excellence of Shab Baraat – in the light of the Hadith and the Traditions
>> "Lailatul Mubarakah" in the light of the Tafseer
>> One final explanation
>> Interpretation by Shah Abdul Aziz (May Allah shower His Mercy on him)
>> A beautiful explanation by Hadhrat Muhaddith-e-Deccan (May Allah shower His Mercy on him)
>> Radiance on Ka’aba
>> Shab Bara'at – Night of forgiveness
>> Those sins which stop forgiveness even in Shab Bara'at Mushrik and adulterous woman
>> Those who hold the wrong 'Aqida and those who disobey their parents
>> Those who break relationships with relatives and adulterous women will not be forgiven
>> In Shab Bara'at 300 doors of mercy are opened wide
>> Decision of life and death and Rizq in Shab Bara'at
>> Shab Bara'at – The Prophet's worship and prayer
>> Staying awake in Shab Bara'at and spending the night in prayer
>> The prayer of Shab Bara'at is not rejected
>> The worship of Shab Bara'at – Assurance of the life of the heart
>> Special Nafl and prayers of Shab Bara'at
>> Reward of 20 accepted Hajj and 20 years of fasting
>> Salaat Ut Tasbeeh in Shab Bara'at
>> Shab Baraat and visiting graves
>> Visiting graves makes a person religious
>> Visiting graves and women
>> Prohibition of fireworks in Shab Bara'at
>> Stay away from Unislamic things, especially in Shab Bara'at

 
 
Visiting graves makes a person religious

Visiting graves makes a person religious

Visiting graves is by consensus Mustahab.  It moves the heart and reminds one of death.  It is mentioned in the Hadith:

Translation: Remember profusely the one which cuts away pleasures.

(Jame’ Tirmidhi, Hadith No: 2229, Sunan Nasai, Hadith No: 1801)

Visiting graves makes one act upon this.  It becomes a means of prayers of forgiveness for the deceased.  The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) ordered the Ummah to visit graves as given in Sahih Muslim and other books of Hadith:

It has been narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Ibn Buraidah (May Allah SWT be well pleased with him) that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: I had stopped you from visiting graves, now visit them.

(Sahih Muslim, Kitab Ul Janaaiz, Sunan Abu Dawood, Hadith No: 2816, 3212, Sunan Nasai, Vol. 1, Hadith No: 2205/5558/5559; Mustadrak 'Alas Sahihain, Hadith No: 1334; Musannaf Abdur Razzaq, Vol. 3, Pg. No. 569, Hadith No: 6708; Musnad Ahmed, Hadith No: 4092/21880/21925/21939/21974; Sunan Sughra Lil Baihaqi, Hadith No: 1177, Sunan Kubra Lin Nasai, Vol. 1, Pg. No. 654, Hadith No: 2159/4512/5162; Sunan Kubra Lil Baihaqi, Hadith No: 7444, 7460; Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaiba, Vol. 3, Pg. No. 223, Hadith No: 145; Al Matalib Ul A'aliya li ibn Hajr Asqalani, Hadith No: 922, Mojam Ausat Tabarani, Hadith No: 2812/3083/6583, same book bab manismuhu Muhammad, Hadith No: 880, Mojam Kabeer Tabarani, Hadith No: 1403/11487; Shu'abul Iman, Hadith No: 8981, Sahih Ibn Hibban, Vol. 12, Pg. No. 213, Hadith No: 5390/5391/5400; Majma Uz Zawaaid, Vol. 3, Pg. No. 58, Kanz Ul Ummal, Hadith No: 12264)

The order of visiting graves is not restricted by any time or place and includes both men and women and the first prohibition is overruled and abrogates by the word “Zuruha” (visit them).  Hadhrat Shaykh Abdul Haq Muhaddith Dehlwi (May Allah SWT shower His Mercy on him) says:

Translation: Now visit them and this command abrogates the earlier one.

(Ashe’atul Lama’aat, Vol. 1, Pg No: 764)

It is given in Jame’ Tirmidhi :

Translation: It has been narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Ibn Mas’ud razi that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: I had stopped you from visiting graves, now visit them as they make you religious and remind you of the afterlife.

(Jame’ Tirmidhi, Vol.  1, Hadith No: 976, Ibn Majah, Vol. 1, 112)

It is given in Sahih Muslim;

Translation: It has been narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Abu Hurairah razi that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) visited the grave of His mother………….He said: Visit graves as they remind you of the afterlife.

(Sahih Muslim, Vol.  1, Pg No: 316, Vol.  1, Pg No: 112)

There is a Hadith in At Targheeb wat Tarheeb:

Translation: It has been narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Abu Sae’ed Khudri (May Allah SWT be well pleased with him) that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: I had stopped you from visiting graves, now visit them as there is lesson for all of us.

In the above mentioned Hadith of 4 benefits of visiting graves are mentioned:

1.  Remind one of death.
2.  Remind one of the afterlife.
3.  Gives us a warning. 
4.  To make one pious and virtuous.

Whether they are the graves of the Auliya or the common Muslims, as per the Hadith these benefits are gained.  But from the graves of the Auliya and the (virtuous persons) Saliheen, a person gains piety and virtuousness, as the graves of Auliya are the centers of blessings.  For this reason, the Fuqaha have clarified the visiting of graves. 

Hujjatul Islam Imam Ghazali (May Allah SWT shower His Mercy on him) writes:

Translation: It is Mustahab (Commendable) to visit the graves of the Auliya and the Saliheen, because in it apart from ibrat, there is the benefit of blessings as well. 

(Ihya Ul Uloom, Vol. 2, Pg. No. 473)

Visiting graves for blessings is an axiom with the Ahl Ullah.  Rejecting it is insisting on lies.  Shaykh Abdul Haq Muhaddith Dehlwi supports this in Ashe’atul Lama’aat, Vol. 1, Pg No: 762.

The reason for visiting graves of the Auliya is gaining of blessings.  Hadhrat Muhaddith E Deccan (May Allah SWT shower His Mercy on him) Syed Abdullah Shah Naqshbandi Qadri writes in his famous book of Hadith Zujajatul Masabeeh about this:

Translation: Gaining blessings from the graves of the Auliya is allowed for women also provided they are aged. 

(Zujajatul Masabeeh, Vol. 1, Pg. No. 488)

In the Hadith, the blessings that are gained from the graves of the Auliya are indicated in the words: "Finnaha tuzahhidu" (They make one pious).  There can be 2 meanings of this Hadith: One that visiting graves make a person pious.  The second is that the graves make one pious.  This is an indication towards the blessings of the graves and the saints. 

About the pronoun "Ha" (they) in "Finnaha," Hadhrat Mulla Ali Qari (May Allah SWT shower His Mercy on him) writes:

Translation: Because they that is visiting graves i.e. seeing them makes a person pious.  The mention of death cuts away the pleasures and cleans away the filth of the hearts, for this reason it is said: When you are troubled by your affairs, seek the help of the people of the graves.

 
 
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