The siege of Constantinople – In which siege did Yazid participate?
It is said about Yazid that because he participated in first siege of the city of Caesar i.e. Constantinople, he is worthy of being forgiven and he has already been forgiven. To prove this, a Hadith from Sahih Bukhari is quoted.
In the following lines, a detailed analysis of this Hadith is being penned
There is a Hadith in Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 1, Pg No. 409, 410 (Hadith No. 2924):
Translation: It is narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Umme Haraam (May Allah be well pleased with her) that she heard the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) say: The army from my Ummah, who will first wage war through the water (sea), has made paradise obligatory for itself. Hadhrat Umme Haraam (May Allah be well pleased with her) asked: O Prophet of Allah, am I among them? He (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: Yes. Then the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: The army from my Ummah, who will first attack the city of Caesar is forgiven. I asked: Am I among them, O Prophet of Allah (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam)? He (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: No. (Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 1, Pg No. 409, 410, Hadith No: 2924; Mustadrak ‘Alas Sahihain, Hadith No: 8818; Dalaail Un Nubuwwah, Hadith No: 2780; Mo’jam Kabeer, Hadith No: 20831; Musnad Shamiyyen, Hadith No: 432; Sharh Sunnah, Vol. 1, Pg No. 881)
If the collections of Hadith, the books of criticism of Hadith and the canons of history are honestly gone through, then the falsity of the aforementioned deduction of including Yazid in this Hadith, will be understood easily. Using the above Hadith to include Yazid among those who have been forgiven is incorrect for many reasons.