Relations with non-Muslims - Teachings of the Prophet of Mercy(Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam)
Author: Mufti Hafidh Syed Ziauddin Naqshbandi Qadri,
Professor, Islamic Law, Jamia Nizamia.
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Category List

>> Introduction
>> Islam safeguards human rights
>> The merciful Lord Almighty
>> The extent of Allah’s mercy
>> The Prophet of mercy (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam)
>> Directive to treat others with mercy
>> Muslims are mercy personified
>> Muslims living in non-Muslim countries
>> Helping weak and needy non-Muslims
>> Directives to Muslims about non-Muslims
>> Command to be honest and loyal with non-Muslims
>> Treating non-Muslim parents nicely
>> Visiting sick non-Muslims
>> Social and economic rights of non- Muslims
>> Giving a gift to a non-Muslim
>> Hadhrat ‘Umar (May Allah be well pleased with him) gave gifts to non-Muslims
>> Gifting the Holy Quran to a non-Muslim
>> Using the vessels and utensils of non-Muslims
>> Hosting non-Muslims
>> Relations with non-Muslim neighbors
>> Social relations with non-Muslims
>> Exhortation to have pleasing manners
>> Being gentle with non-Muslims
>> The peace-loving nature of Muslims
>> Monetary help to non-Muslims
>> The honesty of Muslims runs the world – A confession by the Jews
>> Fair treatment of non-Muslim prisoners of war
>> The incident of Saffana bint Hatim
>> Muslims benefit the non-Islamic country in which they live
>> Prohibition of oppressing non-Muslims
>> Sanctity of the lives of non-Muslims
>> Protection of life, wealth and honor
>> The universality of Islam’s message
>> Inviting Muslims to Islam
>> Bibliography
>> Introducing Abul Hasanaat Islamic Research Center

 
 
Muslims living in non-Muslim countries

 Muslims living in non-Muslim countries

Islam absolutely allows Muslims to settle in a non-Muslim country provided the rules of Islam can be followed.  Emigration is not necessary for Muslims but is allowed only when the need arises as Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) told the Companions in Makkah:

لو خرجتم إلى أرض الحبشة فإن بها ملكا لا يظلم عنده أحد وهي أرض صدق، حتى يجعل الله تعالى لكم فرجا مما أنتم فيه.

Translation: It is good if you go to Abyssinia because the king of that land is such that in his land nobody is oppressed.  It is the best land until Almighty Allah opens a better way for you.[1] 

In the same way the Holy Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam ordered the Companions to go to Abyssinia even though the king of that land was non-Muslim and the government was a non-Islamic one.

The travels of the Companions to non-Muslim lands and their settling down in those lands is well established.  When Islam permits Muslims to live in non-Muslim lands, the question is how should our relations with them be?  The Holy Quran and the Hadith have clear commandments about this.  When Muslims go to any non-Muslim land and settle down there, then through the passport and the visa they make a kind of promise to follow the country's laws.  To fulfil this promise is necessary.  As Almighty Allah says:

وَأَوْفُواْ بِالْعَهْدِ إِنَّ الْعَهْدَ كَانَ مَسْؤُولاً

And always fulfil the promise. No doubt, the promise will be questioned about.[2]



[1] Subul Ul Huda War Rashad, Jima’u Abwaabi Ba’adhil Umooril Kaainati Ba’ada B’ithatihee Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam, Al Babus Saadis, ‘Ashara Fil Hijratil Oola Ilal Habsha Vol. 2, Pg. No. 363

[2] Surah Bani Israil (17:34)

 
 
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