Relations with non-Muslims - Teachings of the Prophet of Mercy(Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam)
Author: Mufti Hafidh Syed Ziauddin Naqshbandi Qadri,
Professor, Islamic Law, Jamia Nizamia.
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Category List

>> Introduction
>> Islam safeguards human rights
>> The merciful Lord Almighty
>> The extent of Allah’s mercy
>> The Prophet of mercy (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam)
>> Directive to treat others with mercy
>> Muslims are mercy personified
>> Muslims living in non-Muslim countries
>> Helping weak and needy non-Muslims
>> Directives to Muslims about non-Muslims
>> Command to be honest and loyal with non-Muslims
>> Treating non-Muslim parents nicely
>> Visiting sick non-Muslims
>> Social and economic rights of non- Muslims
>> Giving a gift to a non-Muslim
>> Hadhrat ‘Umar (May Allah be well pleased with him) gave gifts to non-Muslims
>> Gifting the Holy Quran to a non-Muslim
>> Using the vessels and utensils of non-Muslims
>> Hosting non-Muslims
>> Relations with non-Muslim neighbors
>> Social relations with non-Muslims
>> Exhortation to have pleasing manners
>> Being gentle with non-Muslims
>> The peace-loving nature of Muslims
>> Monetary help to non-Muslims
>> The honesty of Muslims runs the world – A confession by the Jews
>> Fair treatment of non-Muslim prisoners of war
>> The incident of Saffana bint Hatim
>> Muslims benefit the non-Islamic country in which they live
>> Prohibition of oppressing non-Muslims
>> Sanctity of the lives of non-Muslims
>> Protection of life, wealth and honor
>> The universality of Islam’s message
>> Inviting Muslims to Islam
>> Bibliography
>> Introducing Abul Hasanaat Islamic Research Center

Social and economic rights of non- Muslims

 Social and economic rights of non-Muslims

With regard to business, the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) has given glad tidings of mercy for the man who deals out generously.  There is a Hadith in this regard:

عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ - رضى الله عنهما - أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ - صلى الله عليه وسلم - قَالَ « رَحِمَ اللَّهُ رَجُلاً سَمْحًا إِذَا بَاعَ ، وَإِذَا اشْتَرَى ، وَإِذَا اقْتَضَى

Translation: It is narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Jabir bin ‘Abdullah (May Allah be well pleased with them) that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said:  May Allah have mercy on the gentle businessman who when he sells, buys and demands, does so gently.[1] 

Through this Hadith, the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) has given glad tidings of dealing gently with non-Muslims as well. 

In an Islamic government, non-Muslims have the right to board along with Muslims and to do business with them, as Imam Abu Yusuf (May Allah shower His mercy on him) has written in Kitab Ul Kharaaj:

ويتركون يسكنون في أمصار المسلمين وأسواقهم يبيعون ويشترون

Translation: They will have the right to stay in the cities of Muslims and the right to do business in Muslims’ markets.[2] 

[1] Sahih Bukhari, Kitab Ul Buyu’, Babus Suhoolati Was Samahati Fish Shira’i Wal Ba’iee, Hadith No. 2076

[2] Kitab Ul Kharaaji Li Abi Yusuf, Faslun Fi Libaasi Ahlidh Dhimma Wa Ziyyihim

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