Relations with non-Muslims - Teachings of the Prophet of Mercy(Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam)
Author: Mufti Hafidh Syed Ziauddin Naqshbandi Qadri,
Professor, Islamic Law, Jamia Nizamia.
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Category List

>> Introduction
>> Islam safeguards human rights
>> The merciful Lord Almighty
>> The extent of Allah’s mercy
>> The Prophet of mercy (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam)
>> Directive to treat others with mercy
>> Muslims are mercy personified
>> Muslims living in non-Muslim countries
>> Helping weak and needy non-Muslims
>> Directives to Muslims about non-Muslims
>> Command to be honest and loyal with non-Muslims
>> Treating non-Muslim parents nicely
>> Visiting sick non-Muslims
>> Social and economic rights of non- Muslims
>> Giving a gift to a non-Muslim
>> Hadhrat ‘Umar (May Allah be well pleased with him) gave gifts to non-Muslims
>> Gifting the Holy Quran to a non-Muslim
>> Using the vessels and utensils of non-Muslims
>> Hosting non-Muslims
>> Relations with non-Muslim neighbors
>> Social relations with non-Muslims
>> Exhortation to have pleasing manners
>> Being gentle with non-Muslims
>> The peace-loving nature of Muslims
>> Monetary help to non-Muslims
>> The honesty of Muslims runs the world – A confession by the Jews
>> Fair treatment of non-Muslim prisoners of war
>> The incident of Saffana bint Hatim
>> Muslims benefit the non-Islamic country in which they live
>> Prohibition of oppressing non-Muslims
>> Sanctity of the lives of non-Muslims
>> Protection of life, wealth and honor
>> The universality of Islam’s message
>> Inviting Muslims to Islam
>> Bibliography
>> Introducing Abul Hasanaat Islamic Research Center

Giving a gift to a non-Muslim

 Giving a gift to a non-Muslim

The way gifts can be exchanged between Muslims, in the same way, Islam permits exchange of gifts between Muslims and non-Muslims as well.  There is a Hadith in Jame’ Tirmidhi about this:

 عَنْ عَلِىٍّ عَنِ النَّبِىِّ -صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّ كِسْرَى أَهْدَى إِلَيْهِ فَقَبِلَ مِنْهُ وَأَنَّ الْمُلُوكَ أَهْدَوْا إِلَيْهِ فَقَبِلَ مِنْهُمْ.

Translation: It has been narrated on the authority of Hadhrat ‘Ali (May Allah be well pleased with him) that the emperor of Iran sent a gift to the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) and He accepted it.  Similarly other kings also sent their gifts.  The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) accepted them.[1] 

There is another similar Hadith in Jame’ Tirmidhi:


أَنَّهُ كَانَ يَقْبَلُ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ هَدَايَاهُمْ


Translation: It has been narrated that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) accepted gifts from non-Muslims.[2] 

Similarly accepting invitations of non-Muslims and inviting them to Muslims’ functions, etc. is also permitted in the Shariah, provided there is nothing there which goes against the Shariah.  As mentioned in this Hadith of Musnad Imam Ahmed bin Hambal:

أَنَّ يَهُودِيًّا دَعَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- إِلَى خُبْزِ شَعِيرٍ وَإِهَالَةٍ سَنِخَةٍ فَأَجَابَهُ

Translation: A Jew invited the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) to a "feast" of barley bread and stinking fat and the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) accepted it.[3] 

It is given in the Holy Quran in this regard:


وَطَعَامُ الَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ الْكِتَابَ حِلٌّ لَّكُمْ وَطَعَامُكُمْ حِلٌّ لَّهُمْ

And the sacrificed animal of those given the (Revealed) Book is (also) lawful for you, whilst your sacrificed animal is lawful for them.[4]

However, animals sacrificed in the name of anyone else except Allah are forbidden.

[1] Jame’ Tirmidhi, Abwab Us Siyar, Babu Ma Ja'a Fi Qubooli Hadayal Mushrikeen, Hadith No. 1671

[2] Jame’ Tirmidhi, Abwab Us Siyar, Babu Ma Ja'a Fi Karahiyati Hadayal Mushrikeen, Hadith No. 1672

[3] Musnad Imam Ahmed bin Hambal, Musnad Imam Anas bin Malik, Hadith No. 14213

[4] Surah Maida (5:5)



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