Relations with non-Muslims - Teachings of the Prophet of Mercy(Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam)
Author: Mufti Hafidh Syed Ziauddin Naqshbandi Qadri,
Professor, Islamic Law, Jamia Nizamia.
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Category List

>> Introduction
>> Islam safeguards human rights
>> The merciful Lord Almighty
>> The extent of Allah’s mercy
>> The Prophet of mercy (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam)
>> Directive to treat others with mercy
>> Muslims are mercy personified
>> Muslims living in non-Muslim countries
>> Helping weak and needy non-Muslims
>> Directives to Muslims about non-Muslims
>> Command to be honest and loyal with non-Muslims
>> Treating non-Muslim parents nicely
>> Visiting sick non-Muslims
>> Social and economic rights of non- Muslims
>> Giving a gift to a non-Muslim
>> Hadhrat ‘Umar (May Allah be well pleased with him) gave gifts to non-Muslims
>> Gifting the Holy Quran to a non-Muslim
>> Using the vessels and utensils of non-Muslims
>> Hosting non-Muslims
>> Relations with non-Muslim neighbors
>> Social relations with non-Muslims
>> Exhortation to have pleasing manners
>> Being gentle with non-Muslims
>> The peace-loving nature of Muslims
>> Monetary help to non-Muslims
>> The honesty of Muslims runs the world – A confession by the Jews
>> Fair treatment of non-Muslim prisoners of war
>> The incident of Saffana bint Hatim
>> Muslims benefit the non-Islamic country in which they live
>> Prohibition of oppressing non-Muslims
>> Sanctity of the lives of non-Muslims
>> Protection of life, wealth and honor
>> The universality of Islam’s message
>> Inviting Muslims to Islam
>> Bibliography
>> Introducing Abul Hasanaat Islamic Research Center

Protection of life, wealth and honor

 Protection of life, wealth and honor

On the occasion of the Farewell Hajj, the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said:

فَإِنَّ دِمَاءَكُمْ وَأَمْوَالَكُمْ وَأَعْرَاضَكُمْ بَيْنَكُمْ حَرَامٌ كَحُرْمَةِ يَوْمِكُمْ هَذَا فِى بَلَدِكُمْ هَذَا

Translation: Indeed!  Your life, wealth and honor are sacred among you the way this day of yours is distinguished and sacred.[1]

Islam has declared every man’s life, wealth and honor as sacred.  Murdering someone has been declared a great sin so much so that murder of one person has been declared tantamount to killing off all humankind.  Almighty Allah says in the Holy Quran:

كَتَبْنَا عَلَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ أَنَّهُ مَن قَتَلَ نَفْسًا بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ أَوْ فَسَادٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَتَلَ النَّاسَ جَمِيعًا وَمَنْ أَحْيَاهَا فَكَأَنَّمَا أَحْيَا النَّاسَ جَمِيعًا

We prescribed (this commandment in the Torah sent down) to the Children of Israel that whoever killed a person (unjustly), except as a punishment for murder or for (spreading) disorder in the land, it would be as if he killed all the people (of society); and whoever (saved him from unjust murder and) made him survive, it would be as if he saved the lives of all the people (of society, i.e., he rescued the collective system of human life).[2]

The second interpretation is that if a person makes so bold so as to kill a fellow human being, then that person will not hesitate to wipe out all humankind if he/she gets to lay hands on such resources, say like nuclear bombs.

In the same way, saving somebody is akin to saving all humankind.

The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) has declared:

وَالْمُؤْمِنُ مَنْ أَمِنَهُ النَّاسُ عَلَى دِمَائِهِمْ وَأَمْوَالِهِمْ

Translation: A believer is one from whom other people are assured of the safety of their lives and wealth.[3] 

[1] Jame’ Tirmidhi, Hadith No. 2312

[2] Surah Maida (5:32)

[3] Jame’ Tirmidhi, Abwaab Ul Imaan, Babu Ma Ja'a Fi Annal Muslima Man Salimal Muslimoona Min Lisanihee Wa Yadihee, Hadith No. 2836; Sunan Nasai, Babu Sifatil Mu'mini Al Imaan Wa Shara’iuh, Hadith No. 5012; Sunan Ibn Majah, Kitab Ul Fitan, Babu Hurmati Damil Mu'mini Wa Maalih, Hadith No. 4069; Musnad Imam Ahmed bin Hambal, Musnad Abi Hurairah Raziallahu Anhu, Hadith No. 9166, Musnad Fudhala Bin ‘Ubaid Al Ansari Raziallahu Anhu, Hadith No. 24694

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