Using ambiguous/unclear words
If someone says: 'Go to your mother' or such words and does not actually divorce his wife, then these words are about the future and mean a promise. The ruling of the Shariah is that a promise to divorce does not constitute a divorce.
In this case, a divorce is not affected on the wife. As given in Bahjatul Mushtaaq Fi Ahkamit Talaq, Pg. No. 13.