Umar Al Farooq The 2nd Caliph of Islam
Author: Mufti Hafidh Syed Ziauddin Naqshbandi Qadri,
Professor, Islamic Law, Jamia Nizamia.
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Category List

>> Introduction
>> His birth
>> His name and Kunniyah
>> Embracing Islam
>> The heavenly beings celebrated Hadhrat Umar’s embracing Islam
>> How he embraced Islam
>> Presenting himself to the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam)
>> The justice of Hadhrat ‘Umar Farooq
>> His superiority and excellence
>> Glad tidings of martyrdom
>> His passing away at the age of 63 – a sign of his close relationship with the Holy Prophet

 
 
His superiority and excellence

His superiority and excellence

 

There is a Hadith in Jame’ Tirmidhi and Sunan Ibn Majah:

 

Translation: It is narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Hudhaifa (May Allah be well pleased with him), he said that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam): Follow the 2 (caliphs) after me i.e. Abu Bakr and Umar (May Allah be well pleased with them).  (Jame’ Tirmidhi, Hadith No. 4023; Sunan Ibn Majah, Hadith No. 102)

 

The reason for this is that Allah Most High has set forth springs of truth from his tongue and heart.  That he would swerve from the path of truth cannot even be imagined, because the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said about him:

 

Translation: It is narrated on the authority of Hadhrat ‘Abdullah Bin ‘Umar (May Allah be well pleased with them) that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said:  Verily, Allah Most High has prompted truth on the tongue and in the heart of ‘Umar.  (Jame’ Tirmidhi, Hadith No. 4046)

 

This was the reason why even Iblees, the accursed, couldn’t face him and wherever Hadhrat ‘Umar (May Allah be well pleased with him) would be, Satan would flee from that place.  There is a Hadith in Sahih Bukhari:

 

Translation: Hadhrat Muhammad Bin Sa’ad (May Allah be well pleased with him) narrates on the authority of his father that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said:  O Ibn Khattab!  Glad tidings to you!  By Him who holds my life in His hands, Satan doesn’t meet you anywhere but that he leaves that path and takes another.  (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No. 6085)

 

By virtue of his special relationship with the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) and by the blessings of his justice and fairness, in his caliphate, wherever Muslims went, victory followed them.

 

Translation: Once he sent an army under the leadership of Hadhrat Sa’ad Bin Abi Waqas to Ctesiphon (Madaain).  The commander of that army was Hadhrat Khalid Bin Walid (May Allah be well pleased with him).  When the army reached the river Tigris and didn’t find any boat there, Hadhrat Sa’ad and Hadhrat Khalid (May Allah be well pleased with them) went forward and addressed the river thus:

 

O river!  Verily you flow with the command of Allah.  For the sake of Hadhrat Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) and for the sake of the justice of His Caliph, Hadhrat ‘Umar Farooq (May Allah be well pleased with him), make way for us!

 

Then the whole army including the horses and camels entered the river and safely crossed it and reached Ctesiphon so much so that the hooves of the horses had not become wet.  (Ar Riyadh Un Nadhra Fi Manaqibil ‘Ashara)

 

 
 
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