Zakaat - Rules and modern issues
Author: Mufti Hafidh Syed Ziauddin Naqshbandi Qadri,
Professor, Islamic Law, Jamia Nizamia.
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>> Introduction
>> Literal meaning of Zakaat
>> Shariah meaning of Zakaat
>> The command of Zakaat
>> Zakaat is not Compulsory on the Prophets
>> Importance of Zakaat
>> Glad tidings for those who give their Zakaat
>> Those who give Zakaat are successful
>> Special favors on those who give Zakaat
>> Zakaat – Easy way to gain proximity of Allah Most High
>> Giving Zakaat – Perfection of Iman
>> Warnings for those who don’t give Zakaat
>> Those who don’t give Zakaat will be punished with snakes
>> Affluence is nothing but a gift from Allah Most High
>> Those who don’t give Zakaat – Their bodies will be branded
>> Those who don’t give Zakaat will be in trouble in Qiyamah
>> Punishment with hot stones of hell
>> Wisdom behind obligation of Zakaat
>> Benefits of Zakaat, Sadqa and other forms of charity
>> Blessings of giving pure wealth in charity
>> Zakaat purifies faith
>> Charity calms the wrath of Allah
>> Charity – A shade for the believer on the Day of Judgment
>> Zakaat and other charity – A means of deliverance from hell
>> Giving Zakaat protects wealth
>> Reward of Zakaat for those who can’t give it
>> Directives for those who spend
>> Zakaat – Right of the poor folk
>> Directives for those receiving Zakaat
>> Conditions for Zakaat
>> The individual giving Zakaat should be Muslim
>> Only sane adults have to give Zakaat
>> Intention of giving Zakaat
>> Making a needy person the complete owner of the Zakaat
>> Conditions about wealth
>> Why should the wealth be of a growing nature?
>> The wealth should meet the prescribed criterion
>> The wealth should be more than the basic needs
>> What is meant by ‘basic needs’?
>> Absolute possession of the wealth
>> Why is absolute possession so necessary?
>> 1 whole year should have passed on the wealth
>> Why to wait for 1 year to pass on the wealth?
>> The wealth should be free of debt
>> Why should the wealth be free of debt for Zakaat?
>> From when should the beginning of the year be considered?
>> Fluctuations in wealth during the course of the year
>> Giving Zakaat in advance
>> Delay in giving Zakaat is a sin
>> Giving Zakaat as lump sum or in installments
>> Zakaat on animals
>> The prescribed criterion for animals
>> The prescribed criterion of gold and silver
>> Zakaat of gold and silver
>> Some issues of the Zakaat of gold and silver
>> The weight of gold/silver should be considered when giving Zakaat
>> Zakaat should be given on which price?
>> What if the criterion of gold isn’t complete?
>> Zakaat on the wealth which exceeds the prescribed criterion
>> What if gold/silver has been mixed with other metals?
>> Zakaat on personal jewelry
>> Zakaat on provident fund
>> Zakaat on fixed deposit
>> Zakaat on security amount
>> Zakaat of advance rent
>> Zakaat of dairy farm
>> Zakaat on poultry farm
>> Zakaat on insurance amount
>> Do we have to give Zakaat on the dower amount as well?
>> Zakaat on the goods in business complexes, showrooms, etc.
>> Zakaat on tools and implements
>> Zakaat on flats, lands, etc.
>> When does something come under trade goods
>> Zakaat on things given out for hire
>> Zakaat of debt
>> Zakaat on wife when the husband has debts
>> Zakaat on mortgaged jewelry
>> Zakaat of expensive clothes
>> Zakaat of precious stones
>> Zakaat of Madarsas and educational institutions
>> How to calculate Zakaat
>> Where to spend Zakaat
>> The poor folk
>> The destitute folk
>> The officials
>> For softening of hearts
>> For freeing of slaves
>> The indebted folk
>> In the path of Allah
>> The travelers
>> The command to give the Zakaat to one’s relatives
>> Zakaat should be given to local people or should be sent abroad?
>> Zakaat should be given at the place of the owner or at the place of wealth?
>> Who should a lady give Zakaat to – her relatives or her in-laws?
>> Social service with the amount of Zakaat
>> Burial of the dead with Zakaat amount
>> Zakaat can’t be given to Syed people
>> Giving Zakaat with the amount of fixed deposit and/or LIC amount
>> Waiving loan with the intention of Zakaat
>> Zakaat of unlawful earnings




Allah Most High has created human beings and genie only for His worship.  It is given in the Holy Quran:


And I created the jinn and human beings solely to adopt My servitude.  Surah Dhariyaat (51:56)


In Islam, worship is not limited to the confines of a mosque.  Worship in this religion is not a mere ritual.  Instead, worship in Islam enables a person to come closer to the Lord Almighty and to develop cordial relations with the creation.  The Islamic forms of worship carry a profound relevancy and a deep effect.  The role played by Islamic forms of worship in bettering the society cannot be denied.


Be it Salaat, fast, Zakaat, Hajj, Seclusion (‘Itikaaf), sacrifice of animals or other forms of charity, directly or indirectly, they benefit not only the person who performs them but also benefit the society as a whole.


Especially, the Islamic system of Zakaat is a perfect example of sympathy and brotherhood.  It also stands as a testimony to mutual help and economic justice in the society.  By implementing the system of Zakaat in its totality, the world can free itself of economic injustice.  Mankind can save itself from economic problems and a gratified society can be developed in which all sections can lead a contented life as per their own effort and status.  The individuals of the society will be models of ethical and will be free of greed, avarice, selfishness and opportunism. 


Through Zakaat, wealth is distributed properly.  Wealth will not be stagnant in a few hands and will circulate.  Needy people will receive their monetary dues.  The way business people and craftsmen, etc. lead affluent lives, in the same way, the necessary needs of the poor and needy people will be fulfilled.  There will be no bad blood between the affluent and the needy folk.


In the Islamic forms of worship the most important after Salaat is Zakaat, which is a pillar of Islam and an essential article in it.  The obligation of Zakaat is explicitly established by the Holy Quran, the Hadith and the consensus of the Ummah and analogical deduction support and emphasize it.

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