Zakaat - Rules and modern issues
Author: Mufti Hafidh Syed Ziauddin Naqshbandi Qadri,
Professor, Islamic Law, Jamia Nizamia.
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>> Introduction
>> Literal meaning of Zakaat
>> Shariah meaning of Zakaat
>> The command of Zakaat
>> Zakaat is not Compulsory on the Prophets
>> Importance of Zakaat
>> Glad tidings for those who give their Zakaat
>> Those who give Zakaat are successful
>> Special favors on those who give Zakaat
>> Zakaat – Easy way to gain proximity of Allah Most High
>> Giving Zakaat – Perfection of Iman
>> Warnings for those who don’t give Zakaat
>> Those who don’t give Zakaat will be punished with snakes
>> Affluence is nothing but a gift from Allah Most High
>> Those who don’t give Zakaat – Their bodies will be branded
>> Those who don’t give Zakaat will be in trouble in Qiyamah
>> Punishment with hot stones of hell
>> Wisdom behind obligation of Zakaat
>> Benefits of Zakaat, Sadqa and other forms of charity
>> Blessings of giving pure wealth in charity
>> Zakaat purifies faith
>> Charity calms the wrath of Allah
>> Charity – A shade for the believer on the Day of Judgment
>> Zakaat and other charity – A means of deliverance from hell
>> Giving Zakaat protects wealth
>> Reward of Zakaat for those who can’t give it
>> Directives for those who spend
>> Zakaat – Right of the poor folk
>> Directives for those receiving Zakaat
>> Conditions for Zakaat
>> The individual giving Zakaat should be Muslim
>> Only sane adults have to give Zakaat
>> Intention of giving Zakaat
>> Making a needy person the complete owner of the Zakaat
>> Conditions about wealth
>> Why should the wealth be of a growing nature?
>> The wealth should meet the prescribed criterion
>> The wealth should be more than the basic needs
>> What is meant by ‘basic needs’?
>> Absolute possession of the wealth
>> Why is absolute possession so necessary?
>> 1 whole year should have passed on the wealth
>> Why to wait for 1 year to pass on the wealth?
>> The wealth should be free of debt
>> Why should the wealth be free of debt for Zakaat?
>> From when should the beginning of the year be considered?
>> Fluctuations in wealth during the course of the year
>> Giving Zakaat in advance
>> Delay in giving Zakaat is a sin
>> Giving Zakaat as lump sum or in installments
>> Zakaat on animals
>> The prescribed criterion for animals
>> The prescribed criterion of gold and silver
>> Zakaat of gold and silver
>> Some issues of the Zakaat of gold and silver
>> The weight of gold/silver should be considered when giving Zakaat
>> Zakaat should be given on which price?
>> What if the criterion of gold isn’t complete?
>> Zakaat on the wealth which exceeds the prescribed criterion
>> What if gold/silver has been mixed with other metals?
>> Zakaat on personal jewelry
>> Zakaat on provident fund
>> Zakaat on fixed deposit
>> Zakaat on security amount
>> Zakaat of advance rent
>> Zakaat of dairy farm
>> Zakaat on poultry farm
>> Zakaat on insurance amount
>> Do we have to give Zakaat on the dower amount as well?
>> Zakaat on the goods in business complexes, showrooms, etc.
>> Zakaat on tools and implements
>> Zakaat on flats, lands, etc.
>> When does something come under trade goods
>> Zakaat on things given out for hire
>> Zakaat of debt
>> Zakaat on wife when the husband has debts
>> Zakaat on mortgaged jewelry
>> Zakaat of expensive clothes
>> Zakaat of precious stones
>> Zakaat of Madarsas and educational institutions
>> How to calculate Zakaat
>> Where to spend Zakaat
>> The poor folk
>> The destitute folk
>> The officials
>> For softening of hearts
>> For freeing of slaves
>> The indebted folk
>> In the path of Allah
>> The travelers
>> The command to give the Zakaat to one’s relatives
>> Zakaat should be given to local people or should be sent abroad?
>> Zakaat should be given at the place of the owner or at the place of wealth?
>> Who should a lady give Zakaat to – her relatives or her in-laws?
>> Social service with the amount of Zakaat
>> Burial of the dead with Zakaat amount
>> Zakaat can’t be given to Syed people
>> Giving Zakaat with the amount of fixed deposit and/or LIC amount
>> Waiving loan with the intention of Zakaat
>> Zakaat of unlawful earnings

Those who don’t give Zakaat – Their bodies will be branded

Those who don’t give Zakaat – Their bodies will be branded


Allah Most High says:


O Believers! Indeed the majority of the priests and monks (of the People of the Book) devour the wealth of the people through unfair (means) and hinder from the path of Allah (i.e. fill their safes with people’s money and hinder it from being spent for the publicity and promotion of the True Din [Religion]). And those who hoard silver and gold and do not spend it in the cause of Allah, warn them of a grievous torment.


The Day when this (gold, silver and wealth) will be heated in the Fire of hell, their foreheads, sides and backs will be branded with this (heated material, and it will be said to them:) ‘This is the same (wealth) that you treasured for (the benefit of) your souls. So taste (this wealth) which you had been amassing.’  Surah Taubah (9:34-35)


There are severe warnings for those who don’t give Zakaat in Sahih Muslim, which act as the exegesis of the aforementioned verse of the Holy Quran:


Translation: Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (May Allah be well pleased with him) says that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: The person who has gold and silver and does not fulfill its rights (i.e. give Zakaat), on the Day of Judgment mountains of fire will be made for that person and he (or she) will be heated with it and his (or her) flanks, forehead and back will be branded with it.  Whenever those mountains cool down, they will be reheated and this person will be punished.  For a day, which will be like 50,000 years, this will go on continuously.  At last, when the reckoning of all people will be over, they will be shown the way to paradise or hell.


The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) was asked:  O Prophet of Allah (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam)!  What will happen to those who own camels?  The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said:  The camel-owner who does not fulfill the rights of the camels and among their rights is that the day camels are watered, they should be milked and the milk should be given to poor people.  For the person who doesn’t give their Zakaat, on the Day of Judgment, they will be laid face-down in a plain.  Then those camels will come.  They will be fat and plump.  Not even a small calf will be missing that day.  They will trample that person with their hoofs and bite them.  When one train of camels goes away, another will come.  For a day which will be like 50,000 years, this will go on.  Eventually when the reckoning of all people will be over, then they will sent on to paradise or hell.


The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) was asked: O Prophet of Allah (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam)!  What about those with cattle and sheep?  The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said:  Those with cattle and sheep who don’t fulfill their rights (i.e. does not give Zakaat on them), on the Day of Judgment, that person will be made to lie in a flat plain.  All the cattle, there will be none missing among them, and goats will strike that person with their horns and trample them with their hooves.  On that day, they will be none with backward-growing horns, neither any without horns nor any with broken horns.  After one flock passes away, another will come and for a day worth 50,000 years, this will go on happening.  At last, when the reckoning of people has been done, he (or she) will be sent to paradise or hell.  (Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 2337)

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