Zakaat - Rules and modern issues
Author: Mufti Hafidh Syed Ziauddin Naqshbandi Qadri,
Professor, Islamic Law, Jamia Nizamia.
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Category List

>> Introduction
>> Literal meaning of Zakaat
>> Shariah meaning of Zakaat
>> The command of Zakaat
>> Zakaat is not Compulsory on the Prophets
>> Importance of Zakaat
>> Glad tidings for those who give their Zakaat
>> Those who give Zakaat are successful
>> Special favors on those who give Zakaat
>> Zakaat – Easy way to gain proximity of Allah Most High
>> Giving Zakaat – Perfection of Iman
>> Warnings for those who don’t give Zakaat
>> Those who don’t give Zakaat will be punished with snakes
>> Affluence is nothing but a gift from Allah Most High
>> Those who don’t give Zakaat – Their bodies will be branded
>> Those who don’t give Zakaat will be in trouble in Qiyamah
>> Punishment with hot stones of hell
>> Wisdom behind obligation of Zakaat
>> Benefits of Zakaat, Sadqa and other forms of charity
>> Blessings of giving pure wealth in charity
>> Zakaat purifies faith
>> Charity calms the wrath of Allah
>> Charity – A shade for the believer on the Day of Judgment
>> Zakaat and other charity – A means of deliverance from hell
>> Giving Zakaat protects wealth
>> Reward of Zakaat for those who can’t give it
>> Directives for those who spend
>> Zakaat – Right of the poor folk
>> Directives for those receiving Zakaat
>> Conditions for Zakaat
>> The individual giving Zakaat should be Muslim
>> Only sane adults have to give Zakaat
>> Intention of giving Zakaat
>> Making a needy person the complete owner of the Zakaat
>> Conditions about wealth
>> Why should the wealth be of a growing nature?
>> The wealth should meet the prescribed criterion
>> The wealth should be more than the basic needs
>> What is meant by ‘basic needs’?
>> Absolute possession of the wealth
>> Why is absolute possession so necessary?
>> 1 whole year should have passed on the wealth
>> Why to wait for 1 year to pass on the wealth?
>> The wealth should be free of debt
>> Why should the wealth be free of debt for Zakaat?
>> From when should the beginning of the year be considered?
>> Fluctuations in wealth during the course of the year
>> Giving Zakaat in advance
>> Delay in giving Zakaat is a sin
>> Giving Zakaat as lump sum or in installments
>> Zakaat on animals
>> The prescribed criterion for animals
>> The prescribed criterion of gold and silver
>> Zakaat of gold and silver
>> Some issues of the Zakaat of gold and silver
>> The weight of gold/silver should be considered when giving Zakaat
>> Zakaat should be given on which price?
>> What if the criterion of gold isn’t complete?
>> Zakaat on the wealth which exceeds the prescribed criterion
>> What if gold/silver has been mixed with other metals?
>> Zakaat on personal jewelry
>> Zakaat on provident fund
>> Zakaat on fixed deposit
>> Zakaat on security amount
>> Zakaat of advance rent
>> Zakaat of dairy farm
>> Zakaat on poultry farm
>> Zakaat on insurance amount
>> Do we have to give Zakaat on the dower amount as well?
>> Zakaat on the goods in business complexes, showrooms, etc.
>> Zakaat on tools and implements
>> Zakaat on flats, lands, etc.
>> When does something come under trade goods
>> Zakaat on things given out for hire
>> Zakaat of debt
>> Zakaat on wife when the husband has debts
>> Zakaat on mortgaged jewelry
>> Zakaat of expensive clothes
>> Zakaat of precious stones
>> Zakaat of Madarsas and educational institutions
>> How to calculate Zakaat
>> Where to spend Zakaat
>> The poor folk
>> The destitute folk
>> The officials
>> For softening of hearts
>> For freeing of slaves
>> The indebted folk
>> In the path of Allah
>> The travelers
>> The command to give the Zakaat to one’s relatives
>> Zakaat should be given to local people or should be sent abroad?
>> Zakaat should be given at the place of the owner or at the place of wealth?
>> Who should a lady give Zakaat to – her relatives or her in-laws?
>> Social service with the amount of Zakaat
>> Burial of the dead with Zakaat amount
>> Zakaat can’t be given to Syed people
>> Giving Zakaat with the amount of fixed deposit and/or LIC amount
>> Waiving loan with the intention of Zakaat
>> Zakaat of unlawful earnings

 
 
Zakaat on the goods in business complexes, showrooms, etc.

Zakaat on goods in business complexes, showrooms, etc.

 

Almighty Allah says in the Holy Quran:

 

O believers! Spend (in the way of Allah) of your lawful and clean earnings and of that which We bring forth for you from the earth. And do not intend to spend (in the cause of Allah) from that which is unclean, for (if the same is given to you,) you yourselves would never accept it without closing your eyes to it. And you must know that Allah is certainly All-Sufficient, Worthy of All Praise.  Surah Baqarah (2:267)

 

The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) has ordered us to give Zakaat of trade goods:

 

Translation: It is narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Samurah bin Jundub (May Allah be well pleased with him) that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) ordered us to give Zakaat of those goods which we prepared for trade.  (Sunan Abu Dawood, Hadith No. 1564)

 

The aforementioned verse of the Holy Quran and the Hadith show us that there is Zakaat on trade goods.  Zakaat is Compulsory on goods only when they are bought for trade.  If any person has trade goods along with gold/silver or just trade goods whose market value meets the prescribed criterion of Zakaat and on which 1 year has passed, then Zakaat is Compulsory on it.  The goods in the showrooms are obviously for trade purposes.  Thus, all those goods which are for selling like clothes, vehicles, houses, etc. are trade goods and Zakaat is Compulsory on them.

 

As mentioned in Fatawa A’alamgiri, Vol. 1, Pg. No. 179.

 

If the value of the trade goods was already meeting the prescribed criterion of Zakaat at the beginning of the year, then any increase in the course of the year, if it remains, will be included in calculation of Zakaat and the value at the end of the year will be considered in calculation of Zakaat.

 

As mentioned in Fatawa A’alamgiri, Vol. 1, Pg. No. 175/179.

 

 
 
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