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f:238 -    Keeping dogs for protection against thieves
Country : Hyderabad, India,
Name : Majid Hussain
Question:     Thefts and killings are increasing, because of which people are afraid.  In this case, is it permissible to take a dog as a pet, considering that animal is Haram?
Answer:     For protection of life, livestock and agriculture, rearing a dog is permissible.  Without these needs, it is impermissible.  The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) has given warning on rearing dogs, that every day from the record of deeds good deeds will be decreased, but the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) has given permission for rearing dogs for hunting or protection of livestock against wolves, etc.  There is Hadith in Zujajatul Masabeeh on the authority of Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim, Vol. 3, Pg. No. 304:

Translation: It is narrated on the authority of Hadhrat ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (May Allah be well pleased with them) that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: Whoever keeps a dog other than a guard dog or hunting dog, daily good deeds worth of 2 “Qeerat” (a unit of measure) will be lessened from the record of deeds.

For this reason, keeping a dog without any benefit is Undesirable (Makruh), but keeping a dog is permissible for a benefit as described above.

In light of this, basing on guard dogs and hunting dogs, permission is given for keeping a dog for protection of life and wealth and against thieves.  As given in Fatawa A’alamgiri, Vol. 6 Pg. No. 640:

Translation: There is no problem in keeping a dog for protection against thieves etc., as keeping a dog for protection and guarding is permitted by the Shariah.

It is also mentioned in the explanatory notes of Zujaajatul Masabeeh, Vol. 3, Pg. No. 305:

Translation: Every dog can protect as it is their habit to bark on seeing wolves or thieves.

And Allah knows best.

Mufti Syed Ziauddin Naqshbandi

[Professor, Islamic Law, Jamia Nizamia,
Founder-Director Abul Hasanaat Islamic Research Center]

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